In 1982, celebrating the 20th anniversary of Algeria’s independence, the Monument of Martyrs, also called Makam-Ech-Chahid, was opened to the general public. The historical memorial is a reminder of the many people that sacrificed their lives for the country’s freedom from France. This remarkable symbol stands tall and proud in the city of Algiers, giving many tourists from all over the world the opportunity to see its grand structure and to learn about ancient African traditions. The Monument of Martyrs is a perfect example of how architecture displays a great part in the culture and history of Algiers, Algeria, North Africa. The charming city is populated with striking attractions that will take your breath away as you partake in an unforgettable journey into Algerian civilization.
Algiers is the capital and the largest city of Algeria which is located in North Africa and situated in the Mediterranean Sea. Founded by the Phoenicians, the once pirate base now serves as a refueling and shipping port of the Mediterranean region. Overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and having a backdrop of green farmland, the city is a scenic destination with mystical and cultural buildings, trendy shops, and golden sandy beaches. Although the city is rich with Islamic practices, the Notre Dame d’Afrique (our lady of Africa) is a Roman Catholic Church with an elevated, picturesque view of the city. Its exotic architectural physique displays the culture and holiness of Roman and ancient Algerian rituals. The Ketchaoua Mosque is also a religious representation of the history of Algiers. Its unique design of Byzantine and Moorish décor is reminiscent of the importance of the ancient traditions that prevail throughout the capital even to this very day. The mosque also attracts pilgrims and visitors who admire and bask in its antique silhouette, yet sacred atmosphere.
Collecting souvenirs is a great way to nourish your memories. Products such as jewelry, carpets, handcrafts, pottery, fabrics, and clothing are readily available for your consumption. The convenient crafts shops, boutiques, markets, and street vendors make shopping a pleasant experience for visitors who are in desperate need of retail therapy. In addition, the bookstore, Librairie des Beaux-Arts invites the reading consumer to indulge in a good book from a wide selection of genres that the store has to offer. Take a break from shopping at one of the local cafés or take a leisurely stroll in the Jardin d'Essai du Hamma (Algiers Botanical Gardens), which also houses the Ben Aknoun Zoo, and smell the wonderful scents of the different species of flowers or get up close and personal to an African tiger or elephant. By night, the city turns into a lively disco. Many clubs and bars entice visitors and locals with their attractive views of the city, endless vibrating music, and tasty beverages.
Algerian cuisine is an absolute phenomenon. With Arab, African, Jewish, Moorish, French, Spanish, and Turkish influences, the foods of Algiers will please any pallet. Aromas from Algerian delicacies such as Algerian fish soup, couscous, chakchouka, harira, khoubz, and chicken and olive stew commonly fill the atmosphere of the many authentic Algerian restaurants that populate the city. The cultural influences of the foods and restaurants available, provides a great selection of dishes that will satisfy your gastronomical needs.
Since Algiers is located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, it is the coldest city of Algeria. However, with a Mediterranean climate the city’s weather is still pretty enjoyable. In the winter, temperatures typically average from a high of 89°F to a low of 69°F. During the winter season, the temperature varies from a high of 67°F to a low of 42°F.
The nice weather makes transportation in Algiers enjoyable. Buses are convenient at providing rides to some of the city’s most popular attractions and main areas around the center. Taxis are also abundant along the main streets and destination stops, and riders are expected to haggle and negotiate prices with the taxi drivers. Tourists can also rent a car or motorcycle, but driving may be difficult due to the high volume of traffic and few parking spaces.
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